The Serbian Ministry of Justice plans to introduce a new network of courts, as they find current one ineffective and inadequate.
According to Nikola Selakovic, the Serbian Justice Minister, the aim of the new network is to make courts more functional, improve their efficiency and give all citizens equal accesses to justice.
Selakovic adds that new network is also a precondition for judges and prosecutors, who were sacked during the 2009 judicial reform, to return to their offices.
Serbia’s Constitutional Court ruled in June this year that the dismissal of judges and prosecutors was unconstitutional and that all of them should be returned to their offices.
Comparing Serbia to the other ex –Yugoslav countries, Selakovic says that only Macedonia is in a worse situation, with the approximately 1.1 court per 100,000 citizens.
“Serbia has 1.7, Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.9, while Croatia and Slovenia have more than four courts, “he added.
According to the initial plan, the number of courts in Serbia should rise from 34 to 65 courts.
Criteria used to determine the extent of the new court networks are the number of people living in the area of a courts’ jurisdiction and a number of cases currently in front of the existing courts.
Selakovic says that the new court network will be implemented at the beginning of the next year.