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29 Jan 13

Belgrade Hosts Exhibition on Holocaust in Serbia

Belgrade has marked the International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust with an exhibition of photographs and documents from a city prison camp.


An exhibition of photographs and documents, entitled "The Jewish camp in Zemun - Holocaust and Collaboration in Serbia", opened at the Atrium Gallery of Belgrade City Library on Monday to mark the International Day of Commemoration of the Holocaust.

The photographs and other archive material deal with the victims, those who collaborated with the German administration and the propagators of anti-Semitic ideology.

Culture Minister Bratislav Petkovic said at the opening of the display that it should remind people of the "shameful propaganda" conducted in Serbia in the Second World War, which supported persecution of Jews.

The documents also deal with those who helped rescue Serbia's Jews and who thus set an outstanding example of humanity, the minister said.

Yossef Levy, the Israeli ambassador to Serbia, noted that every nation that supports human freedom and equality respected the memory of the horrific events that occurred during the Second World War.

Most ordinary Serbs did not accept the policy of the occupiers and their accomplices, he continued, noting that 130 Serbian citizens were later awarded Israel's Medal for the Righteous, for the assistance they gave to Jews during the war.

Prison camp Zemun, located at the Staro Sajmiste, was not actually inside occupied Serbia, as the borders of the pro-Axis Independent State of Croatia, NDH, extended right to the edge of Belgrade.

The Fascist statelet then handed over this territory to the Germans, who set up a prison camp there for Jews. Later, it included Roma and Serbian political opponents of Nazism, be they Communists or royalist Chetniks.

A total of 8,000 Jews and 32,000 Serbs were killed or died there, or were held there and then executed at Jajinci, near Belgrade, between 1941 and 1944, when Partisan forces under Josip Broz Tito took Belgrade.

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